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SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
South Korea to Unveil Lunar Lander, Rover Development Plans

South Korea to Unveil Lunar Lander, Rover Development Plans Seoul, 7 Aug (ONA) --- The Korean government plans to unveil a "space economy roadmap" within 2022, including the development of a lunar lander and a lunar rover, the presidential science secretary said today. "In order to leap forward as a space power, we will draw up space development strategies and put them into action immediately," Cho Seong-kyung, presidential secretary in charge of science and technology affairs, told reporters. The "future space economy roadmap" includes development of a next-generation ...

Korea to Launch its First Lunar Probe on 5 August 2022

Korea to Launch its First Lunar Probe on 5 August 2022 Seoul, 4 Aug (ONA) --- South Korea’s first lunar mission Danuri is all set to be launched into space on a SpaceX Falcon rocket on Friday morning, the Ministry of Science and ICT said today, The Korea Herald news reported. According to the ministry, the SpaceX Falcon rocket has been readied at the Cape Canaveral Space Force Station in Florida. Danuri, formally known as the Korea Pathfinder Lunar Orbiter, will blast off at tomorrow (Friday). The ministry had previously announced that the lunar mission’s launch was ...

Seismic Missions to Space Could Reveal Mysteries: Study

Seismic Missions to Space Could Reveal Mysteries: Study   Washington, 28 Jul (ONA) --- The astronaut of Apollo 11 in July 1969 Buzz Aldrin radioed a message back to Earth: “Houston, the passive seismometer has been deployed manually.” and despite this initial and a few subsequent attempts, interplanetary seismology remained on the sidelines of space exploration for the rest of the 20th century.   Now things are changing, NASA sent a few years ago a mission which carried a seismometer to Mars. New seismometers are currently being developed for deployment ...

Hyundai Motor to Join Moon Surface Exploration

Hyundai Motor to Join Moon Surface Exploration Seoul, 27 Jul (ONA) --- Hyundai Motor and its sister company Kia signed a joint research agreement today with six government-funded research institutes that encompass aeronautics and space capabilities to develop mobility for moon surface exploration, the companies said today. Through this joint research, they will not only develop technologies needed to make mobility for moon surface exploration but also come up with specific strategies and methods to operate such mobility on the harsh environmental and geographical conditions ...

Tech Companies Racing to Prevent Young Children Being Left in Hot Vehicles

Tech Companies Racing to Prevent Young Children Being Left in Hot Vehicles Kitakyushu, 25 Jul (ONA) --- Electronics developers and other technology companies in Japan are working to quickly roll out systems that can contribute to ending a recent spate of summertime incidents involving children being left behind in dangerously hot vehicles, the Japan Today News reported. Cybernetech, an electronics developer based in Nogata, Fukuoka Prefecture, is in the process of designing a system that can detect when a child has been left behind, as was the case last summer in the nearby ...

Japan's Space Agency Tests Future Supersonic Scramjet Engine Specimen

Japan's Space Agency Tests Future Supersonic Scramjet Engine Specimen Tokyo, 24 Jul (ONA) - - - Japan's space agency announced that it has successfully test-launched a small research rocket, which conducted tests for a future supersonic scramjet engine. The Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, or JAXA, is researching the engine. The engine uses atmospheric oxygen to burn engine fuel with the airflow through it remaining supersonic or faster. As it does not need loaded oxygen on board, the scramjet will allow a heavier payload to be carried. JAXA launched an S-520-RD rocket ...

World's First Sand Battery, Could it Work in Australia?

World's First Sand Battery, Could it Work in Australia? Canberra, 19 Jul (ONA) --- The world's first commercial (sand battery) stores heat at 500 degrees celsius for months at a time. It can be used to heat homes and offices and provide high-temperature heat for industrial processes. Thermal storage could displace gas in industry and remove up to 16 per cent of Australia's emissions, experts say. Drop a load of cheap builder's sand in an insulated silo, heat the sand with renewable electricity, and then tap the stored thermal energy for months on end. In an age ...

Climate Change Costs Germany Some €6.6 Billion Per Year, Study Finds

Climate Change Costs Germany Some €6.6 Billion Per Year, Study Finds Berlin, 18 Jul (ONA) ---- Climate change has cost Germany an average of €6.6 billion ($6.7 billion)per year since 2000, according to a study commissioned by the Economy Ministry. The total cost since that time has been €145 billion, according to the study, which was released by the ministry today to coincide with the Petersburg Climate Dialogue taking place in Berlin. The event is central to paving the way for a successful 2022 United Nations Climate Change Conference, commonly referred to as COP27, ...

NASA Satellite Breaks from Orbit around Earth, Heads to Moon

NASA Satellite Breaks from Orbit around Earth, Heads to Moon Wellington, New Zealand, 4 Jul (ONA) --- A satellite the size of a microwave oven today successfully broke free from its orbit around Earth and is headed toward the moon, the latest step in NASA’s plan to land astronauts on the lunar surface again. It’s been an unusual journey already for the Capstone satellite. It was launched six days ago from New Zealand’s Mahia Peninsula by the company Rocket Lab in one of their small Electron rockets. It will take another four months for the satellite to reach the moon, as ...

Nasa Launches Small Satellite to Test Orbit for Lunar Space Station

Washington, 28 Jun (ONA) ---- US space agency NASA today took a small step toward its goal of establishing an orbiting lunar space station this decade with its launch of a moon-bound mini-satellite. The satellite, which is about the size of a microwave oven, is called CAPSTONE (Cislunar Autonomous Positioning System Technology Operations and Navigation Experiment). It blasted off aboard an Electron rocket from a spaceport in New Zealand, NASA said. CAPSTONEis due to arrive at the moon after four months and then begin a "significantly elongated" orbit that should last six ...

S. Korea Runs 1st Successful Homegrown Space Rocket Launch

S. Korea Runs 1st Successful Homegrown Space Rocket Launch Seoul, 21 Jun (ONA) --- South Korea today successfully launched its first homegrown space rocket, local officials said, a triumph that boosted the country’s growing space ambitions but also proved it has key technologies to build a space-based surveillance system and bigger missiles. The three-stage Nuri rocket succeeded in releasing and placing its functioning “performance verification” satellite at a target altitude of 700 kilometers (435 miles) from South Korea’s space launch center on a southern island, the ...

NASA Fuels Moon Rocket for 1st Time in Countdown Rehearsal

NASA Fuels Moon Rocket for 1st Time in Countdown Rehearsal Florida, 21 Jun (ONA) --- NASA fueled its huge moon rocket for the first time and went ahead with a critical countdown test despite a fuel line leak. This was NASA’s fourth crack at the all-important dress rehearsal, the last major milestone before the moon rocket’s long-awaited launch debut. The previous attempts in April were thwarted by a fuel leak, as well as stuck valves and other technical issues. Another leak — this time in an external fuel line — almost curtailed Monday’s test at Kennedy Space ...

Antarctica Sea Floor Mapped in Greatest Ever Detail

Berlin, 8 Jun (ONA) --- Scientists have made the most precise map yet of the mountains, canyons and plains that make up the floor of Antarctica's encircling Southern Ocean. Covering 48 million sq km, this chart for the first time details a new deepest point - a depression lying 7,432m down called the Factorian Deep. Knowledge of the shape of the ocean's bottom is essential to safe navigation, marine conservation, and understanding Earth's climate and geological history. Vast tracts of terrain have never been properly surveyed. The International Bathymetric Chart of the ...

China's Plans to Go to the Moon, Mars and Beyond

Beijing, 6 Jun (ONA) --- Three Chinese astronauts have begun a six-month mission, to work on the country's new space station. It is China's latest step towards making itself a leading space power for the decades ahead. Last year, China put into orbit the first module of its Tiangong or "Heavenly Palace" space station. It plans to add more modules, such as Mengtian science lab, by the end of 2022, Xinhua news agency reported. In 2023, it will launch a space telescope, called Xuntian. This will fly close to the space station, and dock with it for servicing and ...

Lidocaine Infusions Could Assist Migraine Sufferers: Study

London, 29 May (ONA) --- According to a recent study, infusions of the local anaesthetic lidocaine may provide pain relief to people with chronic migraine who haven’t responded to other treatments. The findings of the research were published in the journal ‘Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine’. Intravenous infusions of a local anaesthetic such as lidocaine have been suggested as a possible treatment option for people who have a poor quality of life because of chronic migraine which is difficult to treat. The aim is to stop pain, but few studies have looked at the ...

First Underwater Research Drone Tracks CO2 in Alaska Gulf

Alaska, 26 May (ONA) --- A 1.52-meter-long sea glider believed to be the first one configured with a large sensor to measure carbon dioxide levels in the occasion had completed its first overnight mission in Alaska’s Resurrection Bay. The researchers, aboard the Nanuq, a University of Alaska Fairbanks research vessel, deployed the autonomous glider which is designed to dive 1,000 meters down and roam remote parts of the ocean to provide a deeper understanding of the ocean’s chemistry in the era of climate change. The research could be a major step forward in ocean greenhouse ...

Twitter to Pay $150 Million in Privacy Case

Washington, 26 May (ONA) —— Twitter agreed to pay a $150 million penalty to settle a privacy lawsuit, US authorities said on Wednesday.The US government alleged that the social media giant violated Federal Trade Commission (FTC) regulations "by deceiving users about the extent to which Twitter maintained and protected the security and privacy of users’ nonpublic contact information," the Department of Justice (DoJ) said in a statement.The complaint, which was filed in a California court on Wednesday, alleges that the company told users it was collecting personal data for ...

Scientists Draw List of Possible Futuristic Foods

London 22 May (ONA) --- Scientists have drawn up a list of little-known plants that could be on the menu by 2050.In the future, people could be breakfasting on false banana or snacking on pandanus tree fruit.With 90% of calories coming from just 15 crops, experts at the Royal Botanic Gardens in Kew, London are hunting for ingredients to future-proof our diets.Climate change is increasing the risk of severe 'food shocks' where crops fail and prices of staples rise rapidly around the world.Diversifying the food people eat is one of the solutions to alleviating hunger, ...

Study Supports Use of Age-Specific Risk Prediction Scores for Dementia

Washington, 19 May (ONA) --- Vascular risk factors which are associated with the risk of developing dementia may vary with age. A new study shows that among people around age 55, the risk of developing dementia over the next 10 years was increased in those with diabetes and high blood pressure.For people around 65 years old, the risk was higher in those with heart disease, and for those in their 70s, diabetes and stroke. For 80-year-olds, the risk of developing dementia was increased in those with diabetes and a history of stroke, while taking blood pressure medications decreased the ...

Textbooks Need More Real-World Math Exercises, Study Finds

Washington, 17 May (ONA) --- A typical 8th grade math textbook includes just a handful of real-world problems for students to solve, finds a new international study.And that’s not enough, according to William Schmidt, distinguished professor at Michigan State University. “It’s not enough anymore to just teach the kids the fundamental skills, but to move toward being able to reason with those to solve real-world examples,” he said, “because the textbooks simply do not provide enough opportunities for students to actually practice applying mathematics in real-world ...

Nasa Rover Begins Key Drive to Find Life On Mars

Washington, 17 May (ONA) --- Nasa’s Perseverance rover, the six-wheeled robot, today will see a big moment in its mission on Mars as it will start to climb up an ancient delta feature in the crater where it landed.It will roll uphill, stopping every so often to examine rocks that look to have the best chance of retaining evidence of past life on the planet.On its way back down, Perseverance will collect some of these rocks, placing the samples at the base of the delta to be retrieved by later missions.The goal is to bring this material back to Earth in the 2030s for detailed ...

Tonga Eruption Was Record Atmospheric Explosion

Washington, 15 May (ONA) --- The eruption of the Tonga volcano in January has been confirmed as the biggest explosion ever recorded in the atmosphere by modern instrumentation. It was far bigger than any 20th Century volcanic event, or indeed any atom bomb test conducted after WWII. The assessment comes in a pair of scholarly papers in the journal Science that have reviewed all the data. Of recent history, it's likely only the Krakatoa eruption of 1883 rivalled the atmospheric disturbance produced. That catastrophic event in Indonesia is thought to have claimed more than ...

Time Off Social Media Boosts Mental Health: Study

London, 15 May (ONA) --- It’s no secret that too much social media can be bad for one’s mental health. Now, research suggests that taking even a brief break from social media platforms can ease symptoms of depression and anxiety.Staying off social media for a week meant, for some study participants, gaining about nine hours of free time, which improved their well-being, British researchers report.“If you’re feeling like you use too much social media and this is negatively impacting your mental health, then taking a break may be worth a try and give you at least some ...

Astronomers Capture 1st Image of Milky Way’s Huge Black Hole

Washington, 12 May (ONA) —- The world got a look today at the first wild but fuzzy image of the supermassive black hole at the center of our own Milky Way galaxy, with astronomers calling it a “gentle giant” on a near-starvation diet.Astronomers believe nearly all galaxies, including our own, have these giant black holes at their center, where light and matter cannot escape, making it extremely hard to get images of them. Light gets chaotically bent and twisted around by gravity as it gets sucked into the abyss along with superheated gas and dust.The colorized image unveiled today is ...

Astronomers Discover Trails of More Than 1,000 Possible Asteroids

Munich, 8 May (ONA) ---- Astronomers at the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics (MPE) have discovered more than 1,000 trails that probably originate from previously unknown asteroids.They searched through archive data from the Hubble Space Telescope from the past 20 years, as the institute in Garching near the southern German city of Munich announced. The findings could provide insights into the conditions in the early solar system.Data was analysed that is otherwise filtered out as noise or interference in most observations. "One astronomer’s trash can be another ...

Climate Change May Increase Risk of New Infectious Diseases

London, 28 Apr (ONA) --- Climate change will result in thousands of new viruses spread among animal species by 2070 — and that’s likely to increase the risk of emerging infectious diseases jumping from animals to humans, according to a new study. Researchers, who published their findings today in the journal Nature, used a model to examine how over 3,000 mammal species might migrate and share viruses over the next 50 years if the world warms by 2 degrees Celsius (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit), which recent research shows is possible. They found that cross-species virus spread will ...

Recycling Vital for Green Metal Needs: Study

London, 25 Apr (ONA) --- Recycling could plug the gap from 2040 to the European Union’s (EU) needs of lithium, rare earths and other metals needed to cut carbon emissions. The study indicated that the global energy transition is progressing fast and that copper, cobalt, lithium, nickel and rare earths are all at risk of disruptive demand pull between now and 2035. The EU's pledge to cut net greenhouse gas emissions to zero by 2050 will require large amounts of metals and minerals to roll out electric vehicles (EVs) and wind turbines. The study said the bloc will need 35 ...

Newly Found Mechanism Explains How Fine Air Pollution Particles May Cause Lung Cancer

Beijing, 20 Apr (ONA) --- Scientists have identified a mechanism that explains how fine air pollution particles might cause lung cancer, according to a study published today in eLife.The findings could lead to new approaches for preventing or treating the initial lung changes that lead to the disease.Tiny, inhalable fine particulate matter (FPM) found in air pollutants has been recognized as a Group 1 carcinogen and a substantial threat to global health. However, the cancer-causing mechanism of FPM remains unclear."Despite its potential to cause mutations, recent research suggests that ...

People Learn Relevant Information Better During Stressful Event

California, 19 Apr (ONA) --- New findings on the effects of stress on memory suggest that people tend to recall information better when the information is related to the stressful event. However, the factor of delay—that is, the time between a stressful event and learning information—does not appear to have as strong an influence on the relationship between stress and memory as previously thought. "The effects of acute stress on memory encoding are complex," said Grant Shields, lead author of a study published in Learning and Memory. "Our work shows that relevance of ...

Nanoparticles Prove Effective Against Yellow Fever Mosquito

Ohio, 19 Apr (ONA) --- The yellow fever mosquito became an invasive species, but researchers at the Ohio State University in the USA may have found a way to squash the pesky population in its juvenile stages.Recently published in the journal Insects, a new paper describes how mosquitoes have evolved a natural resistance to some chemical insecticides, and offers an alternative called carbon black, a type of carbon-based nanoparticles, or CNPs.Study co-author and an associate professor of entomology at Ohio State, Peter Piermarini described CNPs as “microscopic” materials made out of ...