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Routine Jobs Elevate Cognitive Decline Risk: Study

Routine Jobs Elevate Cognitive Decline Risk: Study Oslo, 18 Apr (ONA) --- A new study discovered that engaging your brain extensively at your job could pay off in more ways than boosting your career, it may also protect your cognition and help prevent dementia as you age. The study found that holding a routine job lacking mental stimulation in one's 30s, 40s, 50s, and 60s correlated with a 66% higher risk of mild cognitive impairment and a 37% greater risk of dementia after age 70, compared to jobs with high cognitive and interpersonal demands. “Our results ...

Piquin Chili's Health Benefits Spotlighted Due to High Antioxidant Content: Study

Piquin Chili's Health Benefits Spotlighted Due to High Antioxidant Content: Study London, 17 Apr (ONA)--- A recent study in Frontiers in Nutrition delved into the nutraceutical potential of piquin chili, spotlighting its metabolites and antioxidant prowess. Capsaicinoids, carotenoids, and flavonoids were scrutinized for their health benefits, with cultivation methods identified as key influencers on compound composition. Piquin chili, renowned for its rich carotenoid, phenolic, and alkaloid content, stands out for its nutraceutical value, Carotenoids, lending the ...

Study Explores Fiber’s Role in Managing Stomach Disturbances

Study Explores Fiber’s Role in Managing Stomach Disturbances New Delhi, 1 Apr (ONA) --- Adding more fiber to the diet can help manage Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) symptoms, such as diarrhea, bloating, and constipation, according to a new study.Fiber boosts gut bacteria and builds a healthy gut lining. Researchers emphasize the importance of dietary fiber in maintaining gut health, especially for those with IBS.Fiber encourages regular bowel movements and supports a thriving gut microbiome, essential for immune function and digestion.Plant-based foods like whole grains and ...

Space Travel Alters Human Vascular Cell Function: Study

Space Travel Alters Human Vascular Cell Function: StudyLondon, 1 Apr (ONA) --- A recent study in NPJ Microgravity explores how space travel affects human vascular smooth muscle cells, crucial for astronaut health.Microgravity and radiation pose challenges, triggering cellular changes. Researchers analyzed cells cultured in microgravity and on the ISS.They found significant gene expression changes, with 43% upregulated and 57% downregulated genes, affecting pathways like STAT3 and NF-κB.Notably, 22 cardiovascular signaling pathways were identified, with three inhibited.Despite some ...

Dangerous Health Risks Associated with Excessive Licorice Consumption

Dangerous Health Risks Associated with Excessive Licorice ConsumptionWashington, 31 Mar (ONA) --- The United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) warned against consuming more than 2 ounces of black licorice daily for up to two weeks.Glycyrrhizin, the compound responsible for licorice's flavor, can disrupt electrolyte balance, leading to high blood pressure, irregular heart rhythms, and muscle weakness.Excessive consumption, especially over prolonged periods, can be fatal, particularly for those over 40 or with preexisting health conditions.Despite historical use in herbal ...

New Method Advances Dietary Guidelines for Brain Health

New Method Advances Dietary Guidelines for Brain HealthBern, 25 Mar (ONA) --- In a recent study published in the journal Frontiers in Nutrition, researchers have developed a method to reconcile diverse data on dietary patterns and cognitive health, aiding in understanding dementia risk factors.The study addresses inconsistencies in individual studies' findings on diets like DASH and Mediterranean.These studies vary in methodology, hindering conclusive dietary guidelines.The approach involves pooling participant data from US and European studies, harmonizing it for ...

Lung Disease Raises Heart Risk: Study

Lung Disease Raises Heart Risk: StudyLondon, 25 Mar (ONA) --- A recent study conducted by researchers at the University of Birmingham has found that having a lung disease may increase the likelihood of developing heart conditions, irrespective of other risk factors like smoking or age.The study, which involved over 220 patients with Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency (AATD), a rare genetic condition causing lung disease akin to Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), was published in the Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases.AATD causes the body to make low levels of a protein that ...

42% Global Population Affected by Neurological Disorders: Study

42% Global Population Affected by Neurological Disorders: StudyGeneva, 24 Mar (ONA) --- A new study by the World Health Organization (WHO) has found that out of the 8 billion world population, 3.4 billion people have a neurological condition, Medical News Today reported.This study indicates that 42.5% of the world's population has a neurological disorder.The study, published in the Lancet Neurology, further found that nervous system disorders are the leading cause of disability in people.A surge in brain diseases correlates with a rise in premature deaths, particularly in developing ...

Coffee Molecule Keeps Muscles Young: Study

Coffee Molecule Keeps Muscles Young: StudyBern, 24 Mar (ONA) --- A breakthrough study led by Nestlé Research in Switzerland and the Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore (NUS Medicine), has uncovered the muscle-boosting potential of trigonelline, a natural molecule found in coffee, fenugreek, and the human body.Collaborating with several international universities, the research addresses sarcopenia, a condition causing muscle deterioration with age.The team found that trigonelline levels decrease in older adults with sarcopenia.By administering ...

Study Explores Iodine's Role in Obesity, Diabetes, Metabolism

Study Explores Iodine's Role in Obesity, Diabetes, MetabolismBern, 21 Mar (ONA) --- A recent study published in Frontiers in Nutrition delved into the metabolic implications of iodine consumption, shedding light on its intricate mechanisms.Iodine, crucial for thyroid hormone production, has been linked to metabolic disorders like diabetes, obesity, dyslipidemia, and hypertension.Despite this, the precise pathways remain unclear. Iodine's diverse effects, including immunomodulation and antioxidant properties, influence energy metabolism through thyroxine and tri-iodothyronine ...

Cranberry Enhances Performance Markers: Study

Cranberry Enhances Performance Markers: StudyOttawa, 20 Mar (ONA) --- In a new study, scientists investigated the effect of polyphenol-rich cranberry extract on time-trial performance and lactate response following exercise.Cranberries, known for their high polyphenol and antioxidant content, potentially protect against exercise-induced free radicals, thereby improving performance.Led by Dr. Andreas Bergdahl of Concordia University, researchers examined the impact of cranberry extract on time-trial performance and lactate response post-exercise.Fourteen high-level runners underwent ...

Scientists Say They Can Cut HIV out of Cells

Scientists Say They Can Cut HIV out of Cells Amsterdam, 20 Mar (ONA) --- Scientists say they have successfully eliminated HIV from infected cells, using Nobel Prize-winning Crispr gene-editing technology. Working like scissors, but at the molecular level, it cuts DNA, so "bad" bits can be removed or inactivated. The hope is to ultimately be able to rid the body entirely of the virus, although much more work is needed to check it would be safe and effective, BBC news reported. Existing HIV medicines can stop the virus but not eliminate ...

Pre-Surgery Brain Recordings Unveil Speech Planning Process: Study

Pre-Surgery Brain Recordings Unveil Speech Planning Process: StudyNew York, 19 Mar (ONA) --- A new study in people undergoing surgery to treat seizures related to epilepsy shows that pauses in speech reveal information about how people's brains plan and produce speech.Analyzing brain recordings of 16 patients, researchers found that pauses between electrical stimulation and speech cessation varied across brain regions.Longer delays, up to 1.0 second, occurred in areas like the motor cortex and inferior frontal gyrus, indicating involvement in speech planning.Shorter delays, around 0.5 ...

Study Explores Glucose Impact on Cognitive Performance in Type 1 Diabetes

Study Explores Glucose Impact on Cognitive Performance in Type 1 Diabetes Washington, 18 Mar (ONA) --- A new study led by researchers at McLean Hospital (a member of Mass General Brigham) and Washington State University used advances in digital testing to demonstrate that naturally occurring glucose fluctuations impact cognitive function in people with type 1 diabetes (T1D).Results of the study, published in NPJ Digital Medicine, show that cognition was slower in moments when glucose was atypical—that is, considerably higher or lower than someone's usual glucose level.However, some ...

Fat Deposits in Brain Cells May Cause Alzheimer's: Study

Fat Deposits in Brain Cells May Cause Alzheimer's: Study Washington, 18 Mar (ONA) --- Researchers have potentially uncovered a new approach to combat Alzheimer's disease, identifying fat droplets within brain cells as a key culprit.Michael Haney from the University of Pennsylvania suggests targeting fat droplets in brain cells could enhance Alzheimer's treatments, opening new avenues for therapy.Traditionally, blame for Alzheimer's focused on beta-amyloid plaques and tau proteins.However, recent discoveries indicate fat droplets play a significant role, ...

Brain Abnormality Linked to Language Challenges in ADHD, Dyslexia Kids

Brain Abnormality Linked to Language Challenges in ADHD, Dyslexia Kids Washington, 17 Mar (ONA) --- A groundbreaking study by neuroscientists at Georgetown University Medical Center reveals a link between brain abnormalities and language difficulties in children with ADHD and dyslexia. Published in Nature Human Behaviour, the research highlights abnormalities in the anterior neostriatum, a brain region associated with movement, in affected children. Lead author Michael T. Ullman emphasizes the study's importance in improving diagnosis and treatment for ...

Simple Blood Test Identifies Colorectal Cancer: Study

Simple Blood Test Identifies Colorectal Cancer: StudyWashington, 14 Mar (ONA) --- A groundbreaking study revealed a new blood test capable of detecting colorectal cancer, potentially revolutionizing early detection efforts.Published in the New England Journal of Medicine, the trial showcases the test's 83% accuracy in identifying individuals with the disease.Developed by Guardant Health, the non-invasive test analyzes circulating tumor DNA from a simple blood draw.Dr. Barbara Jung of the American Gastroenterological Association emphasizes its potential to reach more people compared ...

Study Reveals Novel Brain Recovery Mechanism After Traumatic Brain Injury

Study Reveals Novel Brain Recovery Mechanism After Traumatic Brain Injury Washington, 13 Mar (ONA) --- A team of researchers from the Medical University of South Carolina, led by Dr. Onder Albayram, has uncovered a groundbreaking protective response in the brain following traumatic brain injury (TBI). Published in PNAS Nexus, their findings suggest a natural brain repair mechanism that could pave the way for drug treatments to enhance brain recovery post-concussion and prevent long-term brain diseases. Dr. Albayram emphasized the potency of the brain's ...

Study Indicates Turmeric's Potential in Improving Gut Microbiota

Study Indicates Turmeric's Potential in Improving Gut Microbiota Brasília,13 Mar (ONA) --- Researchers from the University of Western São Paulo (UNOESTE) have uncovered a potential connection between curcumin, the primary compound in turmeric, and the enhancement of beneficial gut bacteria in mice. Published in the International Journal of Pharmaceutics, the study demonstrated that a curcumin-based nanoemulsion led to a 25% increase in Lactobacillus bacteria abundance in treated mice compared to controls. Lactobacillus, commonly found in probiotic-rich foods, ...

Research Uncovers Wide Range Of Health Risks From Air Pollution

Research Uncovers Wide Range Of Health Risks From Air PollutionCopenhagen, 12 Mar (ONA) --- A study by the European Environment Agency revealed air pollution's grave threat, especially in cities, linking both short- and long-term exposure to diseases.WHO highlights air pollution's ties to stroke, cancer, Alzheimer's, etc., with PM2.5 being a major concern. Children are particularly vulnerable, lacking influence on policies.In 2020, EU saw 238,000 premature deaths from PM2.5, a 45% decrease since 2005.Energy consumption is a key source, but emissions dropped significantly from 2005 ...

Fish Oil Found to Have Significant Role in Cancer Prevention

Fish Oil Found to Have Significant Role in Cancer Prevention London, 11 Mar (ONA) --- In a study published in Scientific Reports, researchers investigated the anti-cancer effects of different oils in ketogenic diets (KDs) using murine models.They compared seven fat-enriched KDs with Western diets and a 15% carbohydrate diet. Results showed all KDs were better at preventing lung cancer induced by NNK compared to Western and 15% carbohydrate diets.Fish oil (FO) KDs stood out, increasing plasma β-hydroxybutyrate, reducing blood glucose, and decreasing fatty acid synthase expression, ...

Diet Drinks Increase Heart Risk: Study

Diet Drinks Increase Heart Risk: Study Washington, 5 Mar (ONA) --- A recent study suggests that consuming two liters or more per week of artificially sweetened beverages, equivalent to a medium-sized fast-food diet soda daily, increases the risk of atrial fibrillation by 20%.Atrial fibrillation is an irregular heartbeat associated with severe health risks such as strokes and heart failure.The study, published in Circulation: Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology, analyzed data from over 202,000 individuals and found similar risks associated with added-sugar beverages, while pure, ...

Eating Live Microbe-Rich Foods Linked to Better Heart Health

Eating Live Microbe-Rich Foods Linked to Better Heart Health Washington, 5 Mar (ONA) --- A study in Frontiers in Nutrition examines the link between consuming live microorganisms and cardiovascular health (CVH) outcomes among US adults. Despite medical advancements, cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains a major global threat. Dietary patterns influence CVH, leading to initiatives like the American Heart Association's Life's Essential 8 (LE8). The study, analyzing data from 2005 to 2018, involved 10,531 adults over 20 years old, assessing their microbial intake and ...

Sleep Apnea Symptoms Linked to Cognitive Issues: Study

Sleep Apnea Symptoms Linked to Cognitive Issues: Study Washington, 4 Mar (ONA) --- A recent study sheds light on the link between sleep apnea and cognitive issues, underscoring the importance of early detection and treatment. The study will be presented at the 76th annual meeting of the American Academy of Neurology in Denver that begins 13 April 2024. Sleep apnea, characterized by interrupted breathing during sleep, can lead to decreased oxygen levels in the blood and symptoms such as snorting, gasping, and pauses in breathing. Researchers surveyed ...

Ultraprocessed Foods Linked to Health Issues: Study

Ultraprocessed Foods Linked to Health Issues: Study Canberra, 29 Feb (ONA) --- A comprehensive review of 45 meta-analyses involving nearly 10 million individuals reveals alarming connections between ultraprocessed foods and a myriad of health issues, including heart disease, diabetes, mental disorders, and premature mortality. Led by researchers from Deakin University in Australia, the study underscores a substantial increase in risk associated with consuming these foods. Findings indicate a 50% higher likelihood of cardiovascular disease-related death and common ...

Young Adults' Sleep Woes Tied to Muscle Dysmorphia: Study

Young Adults' Sleep Woes Tied to Muscle Dysmorphia: StudyWashington, 28 Feb (ONA) --- A recent study published in Sleep Health examined over 900 adolescents and young adults, revealing a concerning link between muscle dysmorphia symptoms and poor sleep. Participants experiencing more symptoms reported shorter sleep durations and greater difficulties falling or staying asleep over two weeks.Lead author Kyle T Ganson, PhD, MSW, emphasized the detrimental effects of inadequate sleep on mental health, especially for those with muscle dysmorphia symptoms. Poor sleep can worsen functional ...

Peru Declares Health Emergency as Dengue Outbreak 'Imminent'

Peru Declares Health Emergency as Dengue Outbreak 'Imminent' Lima, 27 Feb (ONA) --- Peru has declared a health emergency due to a surge in dengue fever cases, attributed to a heat wave and heavy rains. Health Minister Cesar Vasquez reported 32 deaths and 31,300 cases this year (2024), up from 24,981. Dengue, transmitted by mosquitoes, causes fever, nausea, and fatigue. Most cases are in Peru's north, overwhelming hospitals. Climate change exacerbates the issue, with warmer weather fostering mosquito breeding. Last year, 428 people in Peru died from ...

Green Tea Does Not Lower the Risk of Lung Cancer: Study

Green Tea Does Not Lower the Risk of Lung Cancer: StudyBern, 22 Feb (ONA) --- A recent study in Frontiers in Nutrition challenges the belief that green tea reduces lung cancer risk.Researchers used Mendelian randomization to analyze green tea's association with lung cancer risk, finding no significant link.Despite previous claims of green tea's protective effects, this study suggests otherwise for both non-small cell and small cell lung cancer.The Mendelian approach, free from observational biases, underscores the complexity of understanding dietary impacts on ...

Researchers Have New Clues about Brain Changes and Alzheimer

Researchers Have New Clues about Brain Changes and Alzheimer Washington, 22 Feb (ONA) --- Alzheimer’s quietly ravages the brain long before symptoms appear and now scientists have new clues about the dominolike sequence of those changes — a potential window to one day intervene. A large study in China tracked middle-aged and older adults for 20 years, using regular brain scans, spinal taps and other tests. Compared to those who remained cognitively healthy, people who eventually developed the mind-robbing disease had higher levels of an Alzheimer’s-linked ...

Almonds Enhance Post-Exercise Muscle Recovery and Performance: Study

Almonds Enhance Post-Exercise Muscle Recovery and Performance: Study Bern, 20 Feb (ONA) --- A recent study, detailed in Frontiers in Nutrition, highlights the potential benefits of almonds for post-exercise muscle recovery and performance. Over eight weeks, 25 mildly overweight middle-aged participants consumed 57 grams of almonds daily. The study revealed a significant reduction in muscle soreness and enhanced muscle performance during a vertical jump challenge, indicating improved recovery. Notably, the reduction in soreness amounted to nearly 25 percent ...